Reference Library - Pigments

The links below to references in the literature which include analytical aspects of philately. These may be very important because the name of books and papers are often not indicative of details of their contents.
Absorption/ReflectionColorimetryColorimetry of Overprints
CompositionComputer GraphicsElectron Microscopy
Environmental Effects on Philatelic MaterialsFormulationGum Analysis
Infrared and FTIRInkOverprints, Movable Type
Paper SciencePIXEPhotomicrography/Microsocpy
XRDXRFWet Chemical Analysis
ChromatograhyGas Chromatography-Mass SpecMass Spec
Post MarksVSC 6000/8000Luminescence
Floatation DensityPerforationsPigments

Aceto, Maurizio, Angelo Agostino, Gaia Fenoglio, Monica Gulmini, Valentina Bianco, Eleonora PellizziNon invasive analysis of miniature paintings: Proposal for an analytical protocolSpectrochimica Acta Part A 91 (2012) pp. 352- 359
Bala, W., M. Wojdyla, M. Rebarz, M. Szybowic, M. Drozdowski, A. Grodzicki, P. PiszczekInfluence of central metal atom in MPc (M = Cu, Zn, Mg, Co) on Raman, FT-IR, absorbance, reflectance, and photoluminescence spectraJournal of Optoelectonics and Advanced Materials, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2009, pp 264 - 269
Baraldi, Pietro and Anna TintiRaman spectroscopy in art and archaeologyJ. Raman Spectrosc. 2008 39 pp. 963-965
Boyle, Erin S.n Nathan A. Neff-Mallon, Jonathan D. Handali, and John C. WrightResonance IR: A Coherent Multidimensional Analogue of Resonance RamanJ. Phys. Chem. A 2014, 118, pp. 3112-3119
Brinkley, Daniel W.Examination and Analysis of the Inks used to Print the 1851 3-cent Stamp Using a Scanning Electron Microscope IAP IV pp 21-30
Brittain, Harry G, Kevin G. LowtherPF and APEX Authenticate Scott 416a on Cover; Brown-Yellow Shades Found Among Scott 433The United States Specialist 1091. 92(1) 2021 pp. 26-34
Brittain, Harry G.Further Invesitgation into the Printing Ink Pigments of Scott #416 and Scott #415aThe United States Specialist 91(8) 2020 pp. 346-353
Brittain, Harry G.Use of X-ray Diffraction and Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy for the Study of Paper and Ink in Postage StampsIAP IV pp 1-6
Brittain, Harry G. Evolution of the Ink and Paper Composition in the Stamps of the 1893 Columbian IssuesIAP IV pp 7-12
Brittain, Harry G., Kevin G. LowtherFTIR Spectroscopy Used to Analyze Brown-Yellow Washington-FranklinsThe United States Specialist 90(2) 2019 pp. 61-71
Burgioa, Lucia, Robin J. H. Clark and Richard R. HarkRaman microscopy and x-ray fluorescence analysis of pigments on medieval and Renaissance Italian manuscript cuttingsPNAS (Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences USA ) 2010 107 (13) pp. 5726-5731
Castro, Kepa, Maite Pérez-Alonso, María Dolores Rodríguez-Laso, Nestor Etxebarria, Juan Manuel MadariagaNon-invasive and non-destructive micro-XRF and micro-Raman analysis of a decorative wallpaper from the beginning of the 19th centuryAnal Bioanal Chem (2007) 387 pp. 847-860
Cavaleria, Tiziana, Annamaria Giovagnoli, Marco NervoPigments and mixtures identification by Visible Reflectance SpectroscopyProcedia Chemistry 8 ( 2013 ) pp. 45-54
Charles, Jr., Harry K. 1894 and 1895 Series First Bureau Postage Due Stamps: Questions of Color, Fluorescence, and Early Use: Part 1 IAP IV pp 79-92
Charles, Jr., Harry K. 1894 and 1895 Series First Bureau Postage Due Stamps: Questions of Color, Fluorescence, and Early Use: Part 2IAP IV pp 93-102
Clark, Robin J.H., Christopher J. Cooksey, Marcus A.M. Daniels and Robert WithnallIndigo, woad, and Tyrian Purple: important vat dyes from antiquity to the presentEndeavour 17(4) 1993 pp. 191-199
Clementi, Catia, Francesca Rosi, Aldo Romani, Riccardo Vivani, Brunetto G. Brunetti and Costanza MilianiPhotoluminescence Properties of Zinc Oxide in Paints: A Study of the Effect of Self-Absorption and PassivationApplied Spectroscopy 66(10), 2012 pp. 1233-1241
Corbeil, Marie-Claude, Jean-Pierre Charland and Elizabeth A. MoffattThe characterization of cobat violet pigmentsStudies in Conservation 47, 2002 pp. 237-249
Davidson, David and L. A. WeloThe Nature of Prussian BlueJ. Phys. Chem. 1928, 32, 8, pp. 1191-1196
Ellila, MiaThe use of barium sulfate in printing inks as filler materialHelsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences Bachelor of Engineering Media Technology Bachelor of Engineering Thesis 9 December 2011
Gentili, Pier Luigi, Catia Clementi and Aldo RomaniUltraviolet-Visible Absorption and Luminescence Properties of Quinacridone-Barium Sulfate Solid MixturesApplied Spectroscopy 64(8) 2010 pp. 923-929
Gervais, Claire, Marie-Angelique Languille, Solenn Reguer, Martine Gillet, Sebastien Pelletier, Chantal Garnier, Edward P. Vicenzia and Loic BertrandWhy does Prussian blue fade? Understanding the role(s) of the substrateJ. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2013, 28, pp. 1600-1609
Grandjean, Fernande, Louise Samain and Gary J. LongCharacterization and utilization of Prussian blue and its pigmentsDalton Trans., 2016, 45, pp. 18018-18044
Green, Adam P. and Alastair R. BuckleySolid state concentration quenching of organic fluorophores in PMMAPhys.Chem.Chem.Phys., 2015, 17, pp 1435-1440
Harima, Yutaka, Takuya Fujita, Yuta Kano, Ichiro Imae, Kenji Komaguchi, Yousuke Ooyama and Joji OhshitaLewis-Acid Sites of TiO2 Surface for Adsorption of Organic Dye Having Pyridyl Group as Anchoring UnitJ. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117 pp. 16364-16370
Judge, Richard H.Philatelic Application of Wavelength Resolved FluorescenceIAP IV pp 71-78
Kathiravan, A., V. Anbazhagan, M. Asha Jhonsi and R. RenganathanA Study on the Fluorescence Quenching of Eosin by certain Organic DyesZ. Phys. Chem. 222 (2008) pp. 1013-1021
Kettle, Sidney F. A., Eliano Diana, Edoardo M. C. Marchese, Enrico Boccaleri and Pier Luigi StanghelliniThe vibrational spectra of the cyanide ligand revisited: the v(CN) infrared and Raman spectroscopy of Prussian blue and its analoguesJ. Raman Spectrosc. 2011, 42, pp.2006-2014
Kirby, Jo and David SaundersFading and Colour Change of Prussian Blue: Methods of Manufacture and the Infulence of ExtendersNational Gallery Technical Bulletin, Vol 25 2004 Series Editor Ashok Roy, National Gallery Company, London Yale University Press pp. 73-99
Kunjappu, JoyInk chemistry:Chemistry World: 28 Feb 2003:
Mahmoud, Hussein H Marey Investigations by Raman microscopy, ESEM and FTIR-ATR of wall paintings from Qasr el-Ghuieta temple, Kharga Oasis, EgyptHeritage Science 2014, 2:18 pp. 1-11
McGovern, Patrick E. and Rudolph H. MichelRoyal Purple Dye: Tracing Chemical Origines of the IndustryAnal. Chem. 57(14) 1985 1515-1522
Navas, Natalia, Julia Romero-Pastor, Eloisa Manzano, Carolina CardellBenefits of applying combined diffuse reflectance FTIR spectroscopy and principal component analysis for the study of blue tempera historical paintingAnalytica Chimica Acta 630 (2008) pp. 141-149
Plotner, Jurgen and Andreas DreuwSolid state fluorescence of Pigment Yellow 101 and derivatives: a conserved property of the individual moleculesPhys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2006, 8, pp. 1197-1204
Randall, J.T. and M.H.F. WilkinsThe phosphorescence of various solidsProc. R. Soc. Lond. A 184 (1945) pp.347-364
Rosi, Francesca, Aviva Burnstock, Klaas Jan Van den Berg, Costanza Miliania, Brunetto Giovanni Brunetti, Antonio SgamellottiA non-invasive XRF study supported by multivariate statistical analysis and reflectance FTIR to assess the composition of modern painting materialsSpectrochimica Acta Part A 71 (2009) pp. 1655-1662
Samain, Louise, Fernande Grandjean, Gary J. Long, Pauline Martinetto, Pierre Bordet, and David StrivayRelationship between the Synthesis of Prussian Blue Pigments, Their Color, Physical Properties, and Their Behavior in Paint LayersJ. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117, pp. 9693-9712
Seixas de Melo, J., S. Takato, M. Sousa, M. J. Melo and A. J. ParolaRevisiting Perkin's dye(s): the spectroscopy and photophysics of two new mauveine compounds (B2 and C)Chem. Commun., 2007 pp. 2624-2626
Sharkey, John B.Chemistry of Postage Stamps: Dyes, Phosphors, AdhesivesJournal of Chemical Education 64(3) 1987, pp. 195-200
Shirai, Kazuko, Masaru Matsuokab and Koushi FukunishiFluorescence quenching by intermolecular pa-pi interactions of 2,5-bis(N,N-dialkylamino)-3,6-dicyanopyrazinesDyes and Pigments 42 (1999) pp. 95-101
Shugar, Aaron N. Handheld Macro-SRF scanning: Development of Collimators for Sub-mm ResolutionIAP IV pp 13-20
Silva, Carlos Eduardo, Luciana P. Silva, Howell G. M. Edwards, Luiz Fernando C. de OliveiraDiffuse reflection FTIR spectral database of dyes and pigmentsAnal Bioanal Chem (2006) 386 pp. 2183-2191
Thy, PeterThe Vermilion Ink Used by McCorquodale for the 1889-90 British Bechuanaland Registration EnvelopesCollectors Club Philatelist Volume 98(3) 2019 pp.84-98
Tomasini, E., G. Siracusano and M.S. MaierSpectroscopic, morphological and chemical characterization of historic pigments based on carbon. Paths for the identification of an artistic pigmentMicrochemical Journal 102 (2012) pp. 28- 37
University of KansasThinking about Ink: Composition, History, and Uses
Vahur, Signe, Anu Teearu, Pilleriin Peets, Lauri Joosu and Ivo LeitoATR-FT-IR spectral collection of conservation materials in the extended region of 4000-80 cm-1Anal Bioanal Chem (2016) 408 pp. 3373-3379
Walsh, John M. Newfoundland : 1919 Caribou Issue 15¢ Denomination.Its True Ink Ingerdient Structure DiscoveryMaple Leaves 36 pp. 461-471
Ware, MikePrussian Blue: Artists' Pigment and Chemists' SpongeJ. Chem. Ed 85(5) 2008 pp. 612-621