Reference Library - Infrared and FTIR

The links below to references in the literature which include analytical aspects of philately. These may be very important because the name of books and papers are often not indicative of details of their contents.
Absorption/ReflectionColorimetryColorimetry of Overprints
CompositionComputer GraphicsElectron Microscopy
Environmental Effects on Philatelic MaterialsFormulationGum Analysis
Infrared and FTIRInkOverprints, Movable Type
Paper SciencePIXEPhotomicrography/Microsocpy
XRDXRFWet Chemical Analysis
ChromatograhyGas Chromatography-Mass SpecMass Spec
Post MarksVSC 6000/8000Luminescence
Floatation DensityPerforationsPigments

Aceto, Maurizio, Angelo Agostino, Gaia Fenoglio, Monica Gulmini, Valentina Bianco, Eleonora PellizziNon invasive analysis of miniature paintings: Proposal for an analytical protocolSpectrochimica Acta Part A 91 (2012) pp. 352- 359
Akyuz, Tanil and Sevim AkyuzInvestigations on Empire series postage stamps of Ottomans (printed 1880-1890) by vibrational spectroscopic and energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence techniquesVibrational Spectroscopy 89 2017. pp. 37-43
Araki, Shuki, E. Kondo,T. Shibata, T. Yokota, M.Suzuki, T.Hirashita, K.Yamaguchi, H.Matsumoto and Y.MuraseAnalysis of Pigments in the Printing Inks of the First Japanese Postage Stamps, the Hand-Engraved IssuesBull. Chem. Soc. Jpn.,89, pp 595-602
Bala, W., M. Wojdyla, M. Rebarz, M. Szybowic, M. Drozdowski, A. Grodzicki, P. PiszczekInfluence of central metal atom in MPc (M = Cu, Zn, Mg, Co) on Raman, FT-IR, absorbance, reflectance, and photoluminescence spectraJournal of Optoelectonics and Advanced Materials, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2009, pp 264 - 269
Barwis, John and Harry BrittainUnited States 24¢ Purple 1870-1875, Progress Report on a Philatelic EnigmaIAP III
Barwis, John H and Harry G. BrittainInk Composition of the U.S. 3¢ stamps of 1870-1883IAP II pp 49-56
Bower, Nathan W., Conor J.K. Blanchet and Michael S. EpsteinNondestructive Determination of the Age of 20th-Century Oil-Binder Ink Prints Using Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR): A Case Study with Postage Stamps from the Lodz GhettoApplied Spectroscopy 2016, Vol. 70(1) pp 162-173
Boyle, Erin S.n Nathan A. Neff-Mallon, Jonathan D. Handali, and John C. WrightResonance IR: A Coherent Multidimensional Analogue of Resonance RamanJ. Phys. Chem. A 2014, 118, pp. 3112-3119
Brittain, Harry G, Kevin G. LowtherPF and APEX Authenticate Scott 416a on Cover; Brown-Yellow Shades Found Among Scott 433The United States Specialist 1091. 92(1) 2021 pp. 26-34
Brittain, Harry G.Infrared Spectroscopic and X-Ray Diffraction Studies of the Typographed Confederate 5¢ StampsIAP I pp 47-55
Brittain, Harry G.Forensic Studies of Stamps Issued by the Confederate States of America Part II. The Engraved 2-Cent Andrew Jackson IssueThe Confederate Philatelist Vol. 58 (3) July-September 2013 pp 5-13
Brittain, Harry G.Forensic Studies of Stamps Issued by the Confederate States of America, Part VI. The Steel-Plate Engraved 20-Cent George Washington IssueThe Confederate Philatelist Vol. 59(4) 4th Quarter, 2014 pp 5-11
Brittain, Harry G.Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR FT-IR) Spectroscopy as a Forensic Method to Determine the Composition of Inks Used to Print the United States One-cent Blue Benjamin Franklin Postage Stamps of the 19th CenturyApplied Spectroscopy 2016, Vol. 70(1) 128-136
Brittain, Harry G.Forensic Analysis: Composition of Ink and Paper of the 1c 1861 Stamp The Chronicle of the U.S. Classic Postal Issues 239 vol 65(3), pp 264-271
Brittain, Harry G.Forensic Studies of Stamps Issued by the Confederate States of America. Part I. The Typographed 5-cent Blue Jefferson Davis IssuesThe Confederate Philatelist Vol. 58(2) April-June 2013. pp 5-15
Brittain, Harry G.Forensic Studies of Stamps Issued by the Confederate States of America, Part V. The Steel-Plate Engraved, 10-Cent Jefferson Davis Type II IssueThe Confederate Philatelist Vol. 59(2) 2nd Quarter, 2014 pp 5-11
Brittain, Harry G.Further Invesitgation into the Printing Ink Pigments of Scott #416 and Scott #415aThe United States Specialist 91(8) 2020 pp. 346-353
Brittain, Harry G.Use of X-ray Diffraction and Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy for the Study of Paper and Ink in Postage StampsIAP IV pp 1-6
Brittain, Harry G. Evolution of the Ink and Paper Composition in the Stamps of the 1893 Columbian IssuesIAP IV pp 7-12
Brittain, Harry G. and Patricia A. KaufmannForensic Studies of Stamps Issued by the Confederate States of America, Part III. The Copper-Plate Engraved 10-Cent Jefferson Davis Issues.The Confederate Philatelist Vol. 58 (4) 4th Quarter, 2013 pp 5-12
Brittain, Harry G., Kevin G. LowtherFTIR Spectroscopy Used to Analyze Brown-Yellow Washington-FranklinsThe United States Specialist 90(2) 2019 pp. 61-71
Cipolla II, Roland HDiscovery: Bisected Use of One-cent 1851 StampThe Chronicle of the U.S. Classic Postal Issues, 237, 65(1) 2013. pp 37-47
Clementi, C, B. Doherty, P.L. Gentili, C. Miliani, A. Romani, B.G. Brunetti and A. SgamellottiVibrational and electronic properties of painting lakesAppl. Phys. A 92, 2008 pp. 25-33
Clementi, Catia, Francesca Rosi, Aldo Romani, Riccardo Vivani, Brunetto G. Brunetti and Costanza MilianibPhotoluminescence Properties of Zinc Oxide in Paints: A Study of the Effect of Self-Absorption and PassivationApplied Spectroscopy 2012 Vol 66(10) pp. 1233-41
Clementi, Catia, Francesca Rosi, Aldo Romani, Riccardo Vivani, Brunetto G. Brunetti and Costanza MilianiPhotoluminescence Properties of Zinc Oxide in Paints: A Study of the Effect of Self-Absorption and PassivationApplied Spectroscopy 66(10), 2012 pp. 1233-1241
Comelli, Daniela, Gianluca Valentini, Rinaldo Cubeddu and Lucia TonioloFluorescence Lifetime Imaging and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy of Michelangelo's DavidApplied Spectroscopy 59(9) 2005 pp.1174-1181
Eubanks, Gordon and Harry BrittainAnalysis of Pigment Composition of the U.S. 5c 1847 IssueIAP II pp 131-132
Ferrer, NuriaFT-IR Spectroscopy and Microscopy with a Diamond Cell Applied to Forensic and Industrial SamplesMikrochim, Acta [Suppl.] 14 (1997). pp. 329-332
Ferrer, Nuria and Anna VilaFourier transform infrared spectroscopy applied to ink characterization of one-penny postage stamps printed 1841-1880Analytica Chimica Acta 555 (2006). pp. 161-166
Gómez-Jeria, Juan S., Ernesto Clavijo, J.J. Cárcamo-Vega and Sebastián GutiérrezAn infrared and SEM study of the margins of some German hyperinflation postage stampsResearch Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences 9(2) 2018. pp. 870-891
Gómez-Jeria1,Juan S. and Ernesto ClavijoA preliminary infrared study of the cellulose of some world stampsChemistry Research Journal, 2017, 2(4). pp.191-197
Hanneman, W. W. and R.E. HintzeGum Characterization by Infrared Spectroscopy: Correcting Some Confusing DataThe American Philatelist. Sept. 1991. pp.816-817
Harima, Yutaka, Takuya Fujita, Yuta Kano, Ichiro Imae, Kenji Komaguchi, Yousuke Ooyama and Joji OhshitaLewis-Acid Sites of TiO2 Surface for Adsorption of Organic Dye Having Pyridyl Group as Anchoring UnitJ. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117 pp. 16364-16370
Imperio, Eleonora, Gabriele Giancane and Ludovico ValliSpectral Database for Postage Stamps by Means of FT-IR SpectroscopyAnal. Chem. 2013, 85. pp. 7085-7093
Imperio, Eleonora, Gabriele Giancane and Ludovico Valli Spectral characterization of postage stamp printing inks by means of Raman spectroscopyAnalyst, 2015, 140. pp. 1702-1710
Judge, Richard H.The Admiral Issue of Canada: A Colorimetric and XRF Study of the Carmine 2¢ IssueIAP II pp 21-30
Kher, Ashwini, Mary Mulholland, Elinore Green, Brian ReedyForensic classification of ballpoint pen inks using high performance liquid chromatography and infrared spectroscopy with principal components analysis and linear discriminant analysisVibrational Spectroscopy 40 (2006) pp. 270-277
Kocak, AliThe Role of Vibrational Spectroscopy in Forensic ChemistryForensic Chemistry Handbook, First Edition. Edited by Lawrence Kobilinsky, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2012. Chapter 6 pp.251-267
LaPorte, Gerald M. and Joseh C. StephensAnalysis Techniques Used for the Forensic Examination of Writing and Printing InksForensic Chemistry Handbook, First Edition. Edited by Lawrence Kobilinsky, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2012. Chapter 6 pp.225-250
Lera, ThomasIn the National Postal Museum, Research: Scientific Equipment at the NPMCollectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 91(3) 2012 pp. 174-178
Lera, Thomas, Jennifer Giaccai and Nicole LittleA Scientific Analysis of the First Issues of Chile 1853-1862, London PrintingIAP I pp 19-33
Mahmoud, Hussein H Marey Investigations by Raman microscopy, ESEM and FTIR-ATR of wall paintings from Qasr el-Ghuieta temple, Kharga Oasis, EgyptHeritage Science 2014, 2:18 pp. 1-11
McGovern, Patrick E. and Rudolph H. MichelRoyal Purple Dye: Tracing Chemical Origines of the IndustryAnal. Chem. 57(14) 1985 1515-1522
Miranda, Teresa MR, Adilson R Goncalves and MT Pessoa AmorimUltraviolet-induced crosslinking of poly(vinyl alcohol) evaluated by principal component analysis of FTIR spectraPolymer International 50 (2001) pp. 1068-1072
Najjar, Abed HabibForensic Analysis of Great Britain 1858-1879. 1d Plate 77 Stamps on CoverIAP I pp 56-70
Navas, Natalia, Julia Romero-Pastor, Eloisa Manzano, Carolina CardellBenefits of applying combined diffuse reflectance FTIR spectroscopy and principal component analysis for the study of blue tempera historical paintingAnalytica Chimica Acta 630 (2008) pp. 141-149
Pinto, Catarine and J. Sérgio Seixas de MeloThe molecules of color in Portuguese postage stamps (1857-1909)Pure Appl. Chem. 90(3) 2018. pp. 435-445
Poslusny, Matthew and Kenneth DaughertyA Novel Approach to Looking at StampsThe American Philatelist. Aug. 1990. pp.722
Poslusny, Matthew and Kenneth E. DaughertyNondestructive Adhesive Analysis on Stamps by Fourier Transform Infrared SpectroscopyApplied Spectroscopy 42(8) 1988 pp. 1466-1469
Romero, M. T. and N. FerrerFourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Applied to the Characterisation of 17th-20th Century Calcographic and Xylographic InksMikrochim. Acta 131 (1999) pp. 237-245
Rosi, Francesca, Aviva Burnstock, Klaas Jan Van den Berg, Costanza Miliania, Brunetto Giovanni Brunetti, Antonio SgamellottiA non-invasive XRF study supported by multivariate statistical analysis and reflectance FTIR to assess the composition of modern painting materialsSpectrochimica Acta Part A 71 (2009) pp. 1655-1662
Silva, Carlos Eduardo, Luciana P. Silva, Howell G. M. Edwards, Luiz Fernando C. de OliveiraDiffuse reflection FTIR spectral database of dyes and pigmentsAnal Bioanal Chem (2006) 386 pp. 2183-2191
Simonetti, Remo, Paolo Oliveri, Adrien Henry, Ludovic Duponchel and Silvia LanteriHas your ancient stamp been regummed with synthetic glue? A FT-NIR and FT-Raman studyTalanta 149 (2016) pp. 250-256
Sistach, M. Carme, Nuria Ferrer and M.T. Romero Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Applied to the Analysis of Ancient ManuscriptsRestaurator 19 1998 pp. 173-186
Tomasini, E., G. Siracusano and M.S. MaierSpectroscopic, morphological and chemical characterization of historic pigments based on carbon. Paths for the identification of an artistic pigmentMicrochemical Journal 102 (2012) pp. 28- 37
Vahur, Signe, Anu Teearu, Pilleriin Peets, Lauri Joosu and Ivo LeitoATR-FT-IR spectral collection of conservation materials in the extended region of 4000-80 cm-1Anal Bioanal Chem (2016) 408 pp. 3373-3379
Vila, Anna, Nuria Ferrer and Jose F. GarciaColored inks analysis and differentiation: A first step in artistic contemporary prints discriminationAnalytica Chimica Acta 588 2007 pp. 96-107
Walsh, John M. Newfoundland : 1919 Caribou Issue 15¢ Denomination.Its True Ink Ingerdient Structure DiscoveryMaple Leaves 36 pp. 461-471
Wang, Jin HaiA Versatile Analytical Method of Identifying Adhesive on Stamps by Specular-Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared SpectroscopyApplied Spectroscopy 44(3) 1990 pp. 447-450
Whitbeck, Michael, R.Second Derivative Infrared SpectroscopyApplied Spectroscopy, 35(1) 1981 pp. 93-95
Youssefi, JoeApplication of Advanced Tools to Persian PhilatelyIAP II pp 137-137
Zieba-Palus, Janina and Beata M. TrzcinskaEstablishing of Chemical Composition of Printing InkJ Forensic Sci., 56(3) 2011 pp. 819-21